wambua pm


Prof. (Eng.) Paul M. Wambua, FIEK
Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research, Technology Management and Community Linkages)


Prof. (Eng.) Paul M. Wambua's Profile
Prof. (Eng.) Paul M. Wambua is a Professor of Materials Engineering.  He delivered his Inaugural lecture, “Engineering polymeric composite materials: a tool to fast track Kenya’s technological development” in February, 2013. Prof. Wambua holds a PhD in Materials Engineering from the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium. He is a registered Professional Engineer and a Fellow of the Institution of Engineers of Kenya. He was the Chairman of the Institution of Engineers of Kenya (Western Kenya Branch) from 2011 to 2013 and is a member of Eminent Fellow Engineers Forum and several other professional bodies.

Prof. Wambua has previously worked as Deputy Principal (Academic Affairs), Kirinyaga University College, Dean, School of Engineering, Moi University, senior researcher, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Materials Science and Manufacturing, South Africa and Head, Department of Manufacturing, Industrial and Textile Engineering, Moi University.

In addition to supervising local and international postgraduate students, he is and has been an external examiner for local and international universities. In 2012 and 2013, Prof. Wambua taught composite materials as a visiting Professor at the International Graduate Summer School, Donghua University, China. Prof. Wambua has published widely in the area of materials engineering.

Research interests
•    Processing of polymer composite materials
•    Mechanical testing of materials
•    Natural fibre composites
•    Low and ballistic velocity impact testing of materials
•    Armour materials
•    Explosive blast testing
•    Fibre metal laminates

Selected Publications

(a) Published books:
•    Paul Wambua, Engineering Polymeric composite materials: a tool to fast track Kenya’s technological development, ISBN: 9966-854-87-8, 2013
•    Paul Wambua, Protective low price composite materials based on natural fibres ISBN 90-5682-514-3, 2004.

(b) Book Chapter
•    James Njuguna, Paul Wambua, Krzysztof Pielichowski and Kambiz Kayvantash, Cellulose Fibers: Bio- and Nano-Polymer Composites, Green Chemistry and Technology, Kalia, Susheel; Kaith, B. S.; Kaur, Inderjeet (Eds.) 1st Edition., 2011, 750 p., Hardcover, ISBN: 978-3-642-17369-1.

 (c) Journal Publications    
1.    Rotich K. Gideon, Hangjun Hu, Paul Wambua, Bohong Gu, Characterizations of Basalt Unsaturated Polyester Laminates Under Static Three-Point Bending and Low-Velocity Impact Loadings, Polymer Composites, DOI 10.1002/pc.22885, 2014.
2.    Moshibudi C Khoathane,  Emmanuel R Sadiku,  Paul M Wambua, Effect Of Water Glass Treatment On The Mechanical and Thermooxidative Properties of Kenaf and Sisal Fibres, Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites Volume 31 Issue 19, October 2012.
3.    Edward O.V.Odhong, Paul M. Wambua, Abel N.Mayaka, Recycling and value addition to thermoplastic wastes to produce plant fibre reinforced composites, Journal of Macromolecules, Vol. 8, Issue 1, 2012, ISSN: 0974-7478.
4.    P.M. Wambua, A.N. Mayaka and E.O.V. Odhong, Recycling and Fibre Reinforcement of Thermoplastic Wastes to Produce Composites for Construction Works, Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 4(7) March 2012.
5.    Peter Chemweno, Wilson O Ogola, Paul Wambua, John Githaiga, Sheila Odhiambo, Naftali Kiplagat, Patrick Nziu, Design of a Crop Residue Burner for Cereal Drying, Journal of Chemical Technology, Vol. 6, issue 4, 2011.
6.    Nzila C., Dewulf J., Spanjers H., Wambua P., et all, Colour and nutrient removal from textile waste water using an enhanced fluidised bed bioreactor, The African Journal of Technology, Vol. 1, issue 1, 2011 pp 65-79.
7.    P.M. Wambua and Rajesh Anandjiwala, A Review of Preforms for the Composites Industry, Journal of Industrial Textiles, Volume 40, Issue 4, April 2011 pp. 310 – 333.
8.    Paul M. Wambua and Rajesh Anandjiwala.  Instrumented drop weight impact on cotton, cotton/flax and cotton/glass composites, International Review of Mechanical Engineering Vol. 5, No. 3, March 2011.
9.    Paul Wambua, Rajesh Anandjiwala, Failure of natural fibre and hybrid composites under localised explosive blast, International Review of Mechanical Engineering (IREME), Vol. 3. No. 4,  2009, ISSN 1970-8734. 
10.    Paul Wambua, James Njuguna, Kirimi Kiriamiti, Ochieng Aoyi and Charles Nzila. Industrialization and poverty eradication through manufacturing and application of composite materials. In proceedings, Institution of Engineers of Kenya International Conference, Nairobi 22nd to 24th April, 2009.
11.    C. Nzila, P. Wambua et al. The Potential of Low Cost EPAD System in the Treatment of Textile Mill Effluents, Kenya Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 2008;4(1):1-14.
12.    R. Anandjiwala, M. John, P. Wambua, S. Chapple, T. Klems, M. Doecker, M. Goulain and L. Erasmus, Bio-based structural composite materials for aerospace applications, in proceedings, 2nd SAIAS Symposium, 14-16 September 2008, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
13.    Paul Wambua, Rajesh Anandjiwala, Genevieve Langdon and Gerald Nurick. Blast testing of natural fibre and hybrid composites, in proceedings, 29th International Conference SAMPE EUROPE,  Hotel Mercure, Porte de Versailles  “EXPO”, Paris, France, 31st March to 2nd April, 2008. ISBN 978-3-9522677-7-6.
14.    K. Kiriamiti, S. Osembo, P. Wambua, A. Ochieng and S. Kiambi. Pulping Non-Wood Material Using Refinery Technology, Proceedings of the Conference on Collaborative Research for Technological Development, Kampala, Uganda, 17th to 21st December, 2007.
15.    P.M. Wambua, Maya John and Rajesh Anandjiwala, Low velocity impact on cotton and hybrid composites, Proceedings of the Fibre Reinforced Composites Conference, Port Elizabeth, 9-12 Dec. 2007, ISBN 10: 0-620-37679-1 Fibre Reinforced Composites Conference 2007.
16.    James Njuguna, Paul Wambua, Tim Jackson, Stefan Liesker, Sam Monoogian, Gerardo Salazar and Erik Schuivens, Side Impact Protection Systems for Racing Car using Energy Absorbing Sandwich Structures, Proceedings of the Fibre Reinforced Composites Conference, Port Elizabeth, 9-12 Dec. 2007, ISBN 10: 0-620-37679-1 Fibre Reinforced Composites Conference 2007.
17.    Paul Wambua, Huxiang Hu, and Ignaas Verpoest, Impact response of hemp/polypropylene based composites, Kenya Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 2007;3(1):21-28.
18.    Paul Wambua, Bart Vangrimde, Stepan Lomov and Ignaas Verpoest. The response of natural fibre composites subjected to ballistic impact by fragment simulating projectiles, Composite Structures, 2007;77(2):232-240.
19.    Paul Wambua, Huxiang Hu, Ignaas Verpoest. Low velocity impact of hemp reinforced polypropylene composites. In proceedings, 27th International Conference SAMPE EUROPE,  Hotel Mercure, Porte de Versailles  “EXPO”, Paris, France, 27th to 29th March 2006.
20.    Paul Wambua, Bart Vangrimde, Stepan Lomov and Ignaas Verpoest. Protection, against secondary fragmentation from AP mines based on natural fibre composites, Journal of Mine Action 9.1 August, 2005; p95-98.
21.    Paul Wambua, Bart Vangrimde, Stepan Lomov and Ignaas Verpoest, Impact on natural fibre-reinforced polypropylene composites: failure modes. In proceedings, The Textile Institute 83rd World Conference, Shanghai, China, 23rd – 27th May 2004; vol. 3:1065 -1068.
22.    Paul Wambua, Bart Vangrimde, Stepan Lomov and Ignaas Verpoest. An anti-personnel mine protection based on natural fibres. In proceedings, The 4th International Symposium on Materials from Renewable Resources, MesseCongressCenter Erfurt, Germany, 11th - 12th September 2003, CD Paper No S1-14.
23.    Paul Wambua, Jan Ivens and Ignaas Verpoest. Natural fibres: can they replace glass in fibre reinforced thermoplastics? Composites Science and Technology, 2003;63:1259-1264.
24.    Paul Wambua, Bart Vangrimde, Stepan Lomov and Ignaas Verpoest. Mechanical behaviour and ballistic impact response of hemp and flax fabric polypropylene composites. Proceedings, 23rd Risø International Symposium on Materials Science: Sustainable natural and polymeric composites – science and technology, Risø National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark, 2-5 September 2002, p357-365.
25.    Paul Wambua and Ignaas Verpoest. Hemp Fabric Reinforced Polypropylene Composites: An Investigation of the Mechanical Properties. In proceedings, 10th European Conference on Composite Materials (ECCM-10), Brugge, Belgium, June 3rd – 7th 2002, CD edition.
26.    Ochieng A, Ogada T, Sisenda W, Wambua P. Brewery wastewater treatment in a fluidised bed bioreactor, Journal of hazardous materials: 90: (3) 2002, p311-321.
27.    Paul Wambua, Jan Ivens and Ignaas Verpoest. Some mechanical properties of kenaf/polypropylene composites prepared using a film stacking technique. In proceedings, International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-13) Beijing, China, June 25-29 2001, CD-ROM paper ID 1125.
28.     Huang YD, Liu YL, Wambua P.  Formation of ultrafine scale structures in aluminium containing small amounts of particles by conventional rolling deformation, Journal of materials science 36: (19) 2001, p4711-4717.

(d)  Conference Presentations
1.    P. M. Wambua, James Njuguna and Rajesh Anandjiwala, Energy absorption mechanisms of natural fibre composites, 20th Annual International Conference on Composites, Nano or Metals Engineering, (ICCE-20) July 22-28, 2012, Beijing, China.
2.    A. N. Mayaka, P. M. Wambua, O. V. E. Odhong, Recycling of Thermoplastic Wastes to produce Materials for Construction Works, Technology Convergence:-The Challenges, Risks and Opportunities, Multimedia University College of Kenya, 1st to 3rd December, 2011.
3.    Wambua P. M. and Brown K., Value addition of natural fibres through composites technology, East African cotton, textile and apparel (CTA) value chain conference in Africa to develop competitiveness, Mombasa 1st to 4th November, 2011.
4.    Paul Wambua and Rajesh Anandjiwala, Failure of Natural Fibre Composites Subjected to Impact, International Symposium on Sustainable Composites, Donghua University, Shanghai, China. 5th to 8th October, 2011.
5.    A.N. Mayaka, P. Wambua, E.O.V. Odhong, Recycling and Value Addition to Thermoplastic Wastes to Produce Composites for Aircraft Interiors and Exteriors, Moi University 7th  International Conference, Eldoret, 7th to 10th September, 2011.
6.    Paul Wambua and James Njuguna, Energy absorption mechanisms of natural fibre and hybrid composites subjected to drop weight impact, Moi University 6th International Conference, Eldoret, 7th to 10th September, 2010.
7.    Norbert Muya and Paul Wambua, Viability of natural fibre reinforced composites industry in Kenya, Moi University 6th International Conference, Eldoret, 7th to 10th September, 2010.
8.    Ruella Singh, Krishnie Moodley, Paul Wambua, Anil Kumar, Maurice S. Onyango, Aoyi Ochieng, Removal of cobalt using agricultural adsorbents, Moi University 6th International Conference, Eldoret, 7th to 10th September, 2010.
9.    Paul Wambua, James Njuguna, Kirimi Kiriamiti, Ochieng Aoyi and Charles Nzila. Industrialization and poverty eradication through manufacturing and application of composite materials. Institution of Engineers of Kenya International Conference, Nairobi 22nd to 24th  April, 2009.
10.    Paul Wambua, Rajesh Anandjiwala, Genevieve Langdon and Gerald Nurick. Blast testing of natural fibre and hybrid composites. 29th International Conference SAMPE EUROPE,  Hotel Mercure, Porte de Versailles  “EXPO”, Paris, France, 31st March to 2nd April, 2008.
11.    P.M. Wambua, Maya John and Rajesh Anandjiwala, Low velocity impact on cotton and hybrid composites. Fibre Reinforced Composites Conference, Port Elizabeth, South Africa, 9-12 Dec. 2007.
12.    James Njuguna, Paul Wambua, Tim Jackson, Stefan Liesker, Sam Monoogian, Gerardo Salazar and Erik Schuivens. Side Impact Protection Systems for Racing Car using Energy Absorbing Sandwich Structures, Fibre Reinforced Composites Conference, Port Elizabeth, South Africa, 9-12 Dec. 2007.
13.    Paul Wambua, Huxiang Hu, Ignaas Verpoest. Low velocity impact of hemp reinforced polypropylene composites, 27th International Conference SAMPE EUROPE,  Hotel Mercure, Porte de Versailles  “EXPO”, Paris, France, 27th to 29th March 2006.
14.    Paul Wambua, Bart Vangrimde, Stepan Lomov and Ignaas Verpoest. An anti-personnel mine protection based on natural fibres, The 4th International Symposium on Materials from Renewable Resources, MesseCongressCenter Erfurt, Germany, 11th - 12th September 2003.
15.    Paul Wambua, Bart Vangrimde, Stepan Lomov and Ignaas Verpoest. Mechanical behaviour and ballistic impact response of hemp and flax fabric polypropylene composites, 23rd Risø International Symposium on Materials Science: Sustainable natural and polymeric composites – science and technology, Risø National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark, 2-5 September 2002.
16.    Paul Wambua and Ignaas Verpoest. Hemp Fabric Reinforced Polypropylene Composites: An Investigation of the Mechanical Properties, 10th European Conference on Composite Materials (ECCM-10), Brugge, Belgium, June 3rd – 7th 2002.
17.    Paul Wambua, Jan Ivens and Ignaas Verpoest. Some mechanical properties of kenaf/polypropylene composites prepared using a film stacking technique, International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-13) Beijing, China, June 25-29, 2001.
18.    Paul Wambua, Bart Vangrimde, Stepan Lomov and Ignaas Verpoest. Development of an anti-personnel mine protection based on natural fibres, SAMPE Student Conference, Paris, 29th -31st March 2003.
19.    Paul Wambua, Bart Vangrimde, Stepan Lomov and Ignaas Verpoest. Ballistic properties of Flax and Hemp Fabric Polypropylene Composites, SAMPE Student Conference, Wijgmaal, Belgium, 29th – 30th January 2003.
20.    Paul Wambua, Bart Vangrimde, and Ignaas Verpoest. The response of hemp and flax fabric polypropylene composites subjected to ballistic impact, Faculty of Engineering Ph.D Symposium, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium, 11th December 2002.
21.    Paul Wambua, Bart Vangrimde, Stepan Lomov and Ignaas Verpoest. Ballistic behaviour of hemp fabric reinforced polypropylene composites, 14th U.S. National Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, (USNCTAM14) Blacksburg, Virginia, USA, 23rd - 28th June 2002.
22.    Paul Wambua and Ignaas Verpoest. Mechanical properties of hemp fabric reinforced polypropylene composites, Symposium on Innovative materials and processes for polymer composites, Leuven, Belgium, 14th – 15th March 2002.
23.    Paul Wambua, Jan Ivens and Ignaas Verpoest.  Natural fibre composites: Can they replace glass in fibre reinforced thermoplastics?, ECO-1 conference, London, UK, 3rd - 4th September, 2001. 

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