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Journal of Applied Sciences,Engineering,Technology and Development

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Overview
This policy describes guidelines in the Journal publication process. Specifically, the Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology for Development strive to adhere to the following standards and requirements:


1.    Focus and Scope
Journal of Applied Science, Engineering and Technology for Development (JASETD) is an dedicated to the latest advancement of applied sciences and development. The goal of this journal is to provide a platform for scientists and academicians all over the world to promote, share, and discuss various new issues and developments in different fields of Engineering. All manuscripts must be prepared in English, and are subject to a rigorous and fair peer-review process. Accepted papers will immediately appear online followed by printed hard copy.
JASETD provides a publication vehicle for complete coverage of all topics of interest but not limited to, engineering technologies and innovations, basic and applied sciences, agricultural sciences and technologies, food production and food security, water, energy, Geomatics, GIS and Remote Sensing, environment and climate change, health sciences and community development, information and communication technology, business management and entrepreneurship, tourism, wildlife, and hospitality management.
JASETD  also publishes: 1) Short Reports: 2-5 page papers where an author can either present an idea with theoretical background but has not yet completed the research needed for a complete paper or preliminary data; 2) Relevant book reviews: comments and critiques.


2.    Publication Frequency
Accepted articles in this Journal are published online as soon as the review process is complete. The print edition is scheduled biannually in June, and December.


3.    Authorship
An author is an individual who has significantly contributed to the development of a manuscript based on the following four criteria: (i) Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; (ii) Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; (iii) Give final approval of the version to be published; and (iv) Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Individuals who participated in the development of a manuscript but do not qualify as an author should be acknowledged. Organizations that provided support in terms of funding and/or other resources should also be acknowledged.

4.    Submission of Manuscript
Authors should read the “Instruction for Authors” on the journal’s page before making a submission. Manuscript should be prepared according to the style and specifications of the journal’s policy. Authors listed on the manuscript should have met the requirements for Authorship specified above. All authors should approve the final version of the manuscript prior to submission. Once a manuscript is submitted, it is therefore assumed that all authors have read and given their approval for the submission of the manuscript.
Contact information of all authors should be stated on the manuscript. Surname/Other names, affiliation, emails, and phone/fax numbers. Declaration of Conflicts of Interest should be stated in the manuscript. Submission should be made online on the journal submission system.


5.    Confidentiality
A submitted manuscript is a confidential material. JASETD will not disclose submitted manuscript to anyone except individuals who partake in the processing and preparation of the manuscript for publication. These individuals include editorial staff, corresponding authors, potential reviewers, actual reviewers, and editors.  However, in suspected cases of misconduct, a manuscript may be revealed to members of editorial board’s committee that may require it for the resolution of the misconduct.


6. Author Misconduct Policy and Procedures
As a publisher of peer-reviewed journals, JASETD requires all journal submissions to adhere to the highest of ethical standards and best practices in publishing. All writing and research submitted to the journal is expected to present accurate information and to properly cite all content referenced from other materials.
Misconduct constitutes violation of this editorial policy, journal policies, publication ethics, or any applicable guidelines/policies. Any other activities that threaten/compromise the integrity of the research/publication process are potential misconducts. Suspected cases of misconduct will be investigated according by the editorial board. Some of the activities compromising integrity of research and publication include:


(i)    Overlap
The value of a publication depends on its incremental contribution. Therefore, it is inappropriate to submit articles with substantial overlap. This overlap can result from the use of the same data or analyses or when providing parallel substantive or theoretical results. When there is a question about defining overlap, particularly that which arises from their own work, it is the authors’ responsibility to notify and alert the editor. The Editor will make a binding decision whether a manuscript submitted to the journal is too similar to an article already published there or elsewhere.
When writing a paper, it is important for authors to define its incremental contribution by referencing relevant work on which the paper builds. Authors are expected to search for and reference the related work of others. Authors are especially responsible for informing the Editor about their own work, whether it is published, in working paper form, or under review. When questions arise about related work, the Editor will provide guidance to the authors. Submitting a paper that is substantially the same as a previously published paper is considered a serious breach of professional ethics and may warrant the Editor contacting officials at the authors’ institutions of this breach. In the event that the author(s) is not affiliated with an institution, alternative steps may be taken, including a ban from submitting to JASETD.


(ii)    Plagiarism
To plagiarize is widely defined as stealing and passing off the ideas or words of another as one’s own, to use another’s production without crediting the source, or to present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source
JASETD considers other forms of plagiarism to include self-plagiarism, where an author borrows from his or her own previously published work without the proper citation. It is also unacceptable to submit manuscripts to JASETD that have previously been published anywhere in any language. It is the authors’ responsibility to inform or notify the Editor upon submission if there is any doubt whether a manuscript may violate any of these terms.


(iii)    Falsification of Data/Misreporting of Data
JASETD expects all submissions to include data that are honestly and accurately reported according to the accepted best practices of scholarly publishing. In instances in which falsified or grossly misreported data are suspected, the process outlined above (see Plagiarism) will be activated.
In any instance of suspected misconduct, the JASETD pledges to carry out the process of detection, investigation, and penalty with fairness and confidentiality during the internal investigation. The process for detection, investigation, and penalty for suspected plagiarism is as follows:
Detection
The Editor, along with the Editorial Board and non–Editorial Board reviewers, will serve to detect instances of plagiarism. When an Editor suspects plagiarism or is informed by a reviewer who suspects plagiarism, he/she will make a judgment whether the claim has any merit. If the Editor determines that there has been potential misconduct, he/she will inform the editorial board and provide a detailed account of the possible violation or misconduct.
Investigation
When informed by the journal Editor, the editorial board will determine whether further investigation is required. The board may choose to assemble a review committee of scholars to determine the exact nature and extent of the suspected misconduct. Each individual investigation may warrant the assembly of a new ad hoc committee. Any committee member who is perceived to have a conflict of interest must recuse him-/herself from the process. The Editor will not serve on the committee. If it is determined that an act of plagiarism has been committed, the editorial board will inform the author(s), in writing, with a detailed description of the alleged offense. The board will offer the author(s) an opportunity to respond to the allegation. In events in which more than one author is involved, the authors may collaborate on their response or respond individually. If the committee concludes that no offense has been committed, no further action will be taken, and the editorial board will inform the authors. If the committee determines that there has been misconduct, the process will move into a penalty phase.
Penalty
In the event that an author (or authors) has been found to have engaged in some form of misconduct, he/she is to be subjected to a penalty. The nature and extent of the penalty will be determined by the editorial board. The penalty will be dictated by the nature of the offense and will likely include a ban on submitting to JASETD for a period of time. The editorial board can customize penalties for each individual in instances in which multiple authors are involved. In extreme circumstances, the committee reserves the right to inform an author’s institution, depending on the seriousness of the offense.


7.    Concurrent Reviews
JASETD editorial policy prohibits an article under review elsewhere from being concurrently reviewed at another journal.


8.    Protecting Intellectual Property
JASETD is committed to the protection of intellectual property. When supplementary materials are requested during the review period, they will be subject to the JASETD’s double-blind peer-review process in order to maintain author anonymity.
Reviewer team members will not use ideas from or show another person the manuscript or supplementary materials they have been asked to review without the explicit permission of the manuscript's author, obtained through the journal editor. Advice regarding specific, limited aspects of the manuscript may be sought from colleagues with specific expertise, provided the author’s identity and intellectual property remain secure.
JASETD expects all submissions to include data that are honestly and accurately reported according to the accepted best practices of scholarly publishing. In instances in which falsified or misreported data are suspected, the procedures outlined for misconduct will be followed.


9.    Resubmissions
Manuscripts that have been rejected are not eligible for further consideration by JASETD and thus should not be resubmitted. If a revision is allowed, it will be explicitly stated in the Editor’s decision. Other revisions of previously rejected manuscripts will be promptly returned to the authors without review.


10.    Conflicts of Interest
Conflict of interest exists when there is a divergence between an individual’s private and competing interests and his or her responsibilities to scientific and publishing activities such that a reasonable observer might wonder if the individual’s behavior or judgment was motivated by considerations of his or her competing interests Conflicts of interest may arise in a variety of situations, and therefore the author is required to inform the editor of such conflict. A conflict of interest may exist when a manuscript under review puts forth a position contrary to the reviewer's published work or when a manuscript author or reviewer has a substantial direct or indirect financial interest in the subject matter of the manuscript. Because it is JASETD policy to engage in a double-blind review process, a conflict of interest may also exist when a reviewer knows the author of a manuscript. The reviewer should consult the journal editor in such situations to decide whether to review the manuscript.

A conflict of interest does not exist when an author disagrees with a reviewer's assessment that a problem is unimportant or disagrees with an editorial outcome. Authors should disclose all financial/relevant interest that may have influenced the development of the manuscript. This information should include the name of granting agencies, grant numbers, and a description of each funder’s role. If the funder has played no role in the research, this must be stated as well. Authors are not required to provide the complete list of every single grant that supports them if the grant is not related to the research published. Reviewers should disclose any conflict of interest and if necessary, decline the review of any manuscript they perceive to have a conflict of interest. Editors should also decline from considering any manuscript that may have conflict of interest. Such manuscripts will be re-assigned to other editors


11.    Review Process
Sharing of reviewing responsibilities is inappropriate. The review is the sole responsibility of the person to whom it was assigned by the journal editor. Students and colleagues should not be asked to prepare reviews unless the journal editor has given explicit prior approval. Each person contributing to a review should receive formal recognition.
The review process is an important aspect of the publication process of an article. It helps an editor in making decision on an article and also enables the author to improve the manuscript. JASETD will operate a double blind review process. Author(s) identity is removed from the manuscript and shielded from the reviewers during the review process. The reviewer is left with only the manuscript without any information that might enable him/her uncovers the identity of the author(s). Information removed includes the author(s) name, address/affiliation, country, phone/fax and email.

Any information in the Acknowledgement and Declaration of Conflict of Interest that may lead to the uncovering of the identity of the author is also removed from the manuscript prior to sending it to reviewers.
Manuscripts are assigned to members of the editorial board of the journal or other qualified reviewers. The review process is done using the JASETD review System. Reviewers make one of the following recommendations:
(I)    Accept As Is
(II)   Requires Minor Corrections
(III)   Requires Moderate Revision
(IV)  Requires Major Revision
(V)   Submit To Another Publication Such As
(VI)   Reject on grounds of (Please be specific)
A review certificate is issued to reviewers after the review of the manuscript.
The review reports are sent to the authors. However, reviewers’ identity is removed from the review reports. The author(s) is left with only the review reports/recommendation without any information that might enable him/her uncovers the identity of the reviewers. A minimum of two review reports are required per manuscript.
On receipt of the author(s) revised manuscript, the original manuscript, the revised manuscript and the review reports are sent to the editor. The editor makes one of the following decisions:
(i)     Accept
(ii)    The Manuscript Requires Improvement
(iii)    Reject
Only an editor has the authority to “Accept” or “Reject” a manuscript. If a manuscript is “Accepted”, an Acceptance Certificate is issued to the author(s) and the manuscripts are processed for publication.
If a manuscript is rejected, the authors are informed of the decision and no further processing is done on the manuscript.
If a manuscript requires improvement, it is sent to the author(s) with the editor’s recommendation for further revision. The editor makes a final decision on the revised to “Accept” or “Reject” the manuscript.


12.    Animal and human Subjects Research
Studies involving animals must be conducted according to internationally-accepted standards. Authors must obtain prior approval from relevant institutions and  relevant permit numbers, must be provided at submission.
Researchers submitting studies involving human participants must meet key requirements: Researchers must obtain prior approval for human subjects’ research by relevant institutional review boards, declare compliance with ethical practices upon submission of a manuscript, Report details on how informed consent for the research was obtained. Additionally researchers must submit, upon request from the journal, documentation from the review board or ethics committee confirming approval of the research.  For clinical trials, provide trial registration details, the study protocol, and relevant documentation.